Urban vs Flat bar vs Sepeda hybrid Dijelaskan
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Urban vs Flat bar vs Sepeda hybrid Dijelaskan

Dalam hal bersepeda rekreasi, banyak sepeda yang tampaknya cocok dengan cetakan yang sama. Namun, beberapa perbedaan halus antara masing-masing bantuan untuk menentukan mana yang terbaik untuk Anda. Sepeda rekreasi dirancang untuk jalan, kebugaran, perjalanan, dan penggunaan umum, yang mengharuskannya serbaguna, tahan lama, dan nyaman. Jenis sepeda rekreasi yang paling umum adalah sepeda flat bar road, hybrid, dan urban, dan meskipun terlihat sama, semuanya memiliki fitur berbeda yang memengaruhi performa, karakteristik berkendara, dan tujuannya.

Untuk membantu menyoroti perbedaan di setiap sepeda, kami telah memilih beberapa contoh spesifik, semuanya berkisar antara $600 – $900. Untuk sepeda jalan flat bar, kami memilih Merida Speeder 100; Merida Crossway 100 adalah contoh sepeda hybrid kami; dan Norco Indie sebagai contoh pilihan sepeda perkotaan. Baca terus untuk mendapatkan pemahaman yang lebih baik tentang setiap gaya sepeda, cara membedakannya, dan cara memilih sepeda yang tepat untuk Anda.

Sepeda Jalan Flat Bar

Cara terbaik dan paling sederhana untuk memahami sepeda jalan palang datar adalah dengan memikirkan sepeda jalan raya tradisional dengan setang datar sebagai pengganti setang drop down. Akibatnya, sepeda jalan flat bar lebih sporty daripada sepeda perkotaan dan hibrida, menampilkan penanganan yang lebih cepat, bobot yang lebih ringan, dan persneling yang dioptimalkan untuk kecepatan. Kurangnya setang drop-down berarti sepeda flat bar tidak seagresif sepeda jalan raya, tetapi keduanya memiliki teknologi dan elemen performa yang sama.

Flat bar road bike memberikan kenyamanan yang luar biasa dan visibilitas yang ditingkatkan dengan posisi yang lebih tegak, menjadikannya kendaraan yang sempurna untuk berkendara rekreasi, kebugaran, dan perjalanan cepat. Di bawah ini adalah tiga elemen kunci dari sepeda jalan flat bar yang membedakannya dari sepeda perkotaan dan hibrida.

Sporty

Flat bar road bike tentu saja merupakan pilihan yang lebih sporty dari ketiga sepeda yang tercantum di sini, memiliki karakteristik yang mirip dengan sepeda jalan ketahanan, dengan tujuan menggabungkan performa dan kenyamanan.

Sebagian besar tergantung pada dimensi sepeda, atau geometrinya, (yang akan kita bahas lebih dalam di bawah), tetapi juga penggunaan rangka yang ringan. Kami menimbang setiap sepeda dan, tidak mengherankan, sepeda jalan flat bar adalah yang paling ringan dengan selisih yang signifikan. Speeder (batang datar) berbobot 11,12kg, Indie (Urban) 12,87kg, dan Crossway (Hybrid) 13,62kg.

Ban yang dipilih juga memungkinkan kecepatan dan efisiensi yang lebih tinggi saat berkendara, sambil menawarkan perlindungan tusukan yang baik dari rintangan seperti jalur trem dan trotoar. Ban sepeda jalan datar biasanya memiliki lebar 28-32c, sedikit lebih lebar dari ban sepeda jalan tradisional, tetapi lebih sempit dari ban perkotaan atau hibrida. Dalam hal ini, Speeder memiliki ban 32c, Indie 38c, dan Crossway 40c.

Juga tidak ada suspensi pada sepeda jalan flat bar, karena mereka adalah sepeda aspal yang ketat dan suspensi hanya akan menambah bobot yang tidak perlu dan kehilangan transfer energi.

Geometri Sepeda Jalan

Ada beberapa perbedaan geometri utama antara setiap sepeda, yang memberikan indikasi yang jelas tentang tujuan masing-masing sepeda. Mengingat sifat sporty dan penanganan yang lebih cepat dari sepeda jalan flat bar, tidak mengherankan jika jarak sumbu roda lebih sempit, batang rantai lebih pendek, dan sudut headtube lebih curam. Sepeda jalan raya performa biasanya memiliki sudut headtube yang curam yang membutuhkan lebih sedikit tenaga untuk mengarahkan, yang lebih baik untuk penanganan kecepatan tinggi. Sudut tabung kepala yang kendur, seperti yang kita lihat pada sepeda hybrid dan perkotaan, bekerja lebih baik pada kecepatan yang lebih lambat dan memberikan stabilitas yang lebih baik.

Demikian pula, sepeda dengan jarak sumbu roda yang lebih lebar dan panjang batang penahan rantai yang lebih panjang memberikan stabilitas dan kenyamanan, sedangkan sepeda dengan jarak sumbu roda ‘pendek’ dan panjang batang penahan rantai memiliki penanganan yang lebih tajam. Ikuti tautan ini untuk mempelajari lebih lanjut tentang [bike geometry and how to read such charts[(/blog/bike-geometry-charts).

The table below highlights the differences in each measurement, indicating the urban and hybrid bikes offer greater stability and slower handling when compared to the relatively agile flat bar road bike.

Bike Size Chainstay Wheelbase Headtube angle
Speeder (Flat bar) Large 435 1017 73
Crossway (Hybrid) Large 450 1091 72
Indie (Urban) Large 450 1103 71.5

Gearing optimized for flat roads

We’ve discussed the lightweight frame and tires of the flat bar road bike, which lend themselves to faster speeds, but the gearing is another feature that has been optimized for flat, fast roads. All three bikes have easy gear ratios (more suitable for generally lower average speeds compared to other cycling forms), but flat bar bikes will have narrower gear ranges, which refer to the span from the very hardest (high) to the easiest (low) gear.

Our sample Speeder has a 24-speed drivetrain, which means three cogs to choose from at the front and eight cogs to choose from on the back. The three cogs on the front have 48, 38 and 28 teeth respectively, paired with the rear cogs that measure 11 teeth at the smallest and up to 28 teeth at the largest.

Despite also being equipped with a triple crankset, in order to provide a larger range of gears, the Crossway (hybrid) features 48, 36 and 26 teeth respectively on the front, and is paired with a larger cassette on the rear with cogs that measure 11 teeth at the smallest, up to 34 teeth at the largest. The larger gear range is better for slower speeds, hilly terrain, and non-sealed roads.

The specificity of the Indie (urban) gearing takes things one step further, offering a limited range as it’s assumed most riding will be done on relatively flat roads at slower speeds (more on that below when we discuss urban bike gearing).

It’s also common to see higher-end flat bar road bikes with the same gearing as endurance road bikes, such as a traditional ‘compact’ crankset, which features two cogs on the front with 50 and 34 teeth respectively, paired with rear cogs that measure 11 teeth at the smallest and 28 or 32 teeth at the largest.

Urban Bike

Urban bikes are designed specifically for inner-city riding, perfect for shorter-distance commuting and often featuring racks to carry luggage and wet-weather fenders to cope with all weather conditions. Like flat bar road bikes, they too will typically have flat style handlebars but an even more upright riding position and a smaller gear range, in some cases only a single gear. They are built strong to handle the rigors of the urban environment and are not as concerned with weight. Below are the three key elements of an urban bike that set it apart from flat bar and hybrid bikes.

Commuting

As urban bikes are solely focused on commuting and inner-city cycling, the need for expansive gear ratios and the ability to handle high speeds is not required. Urban bikes are purely functional, keeping extraneous features and attention-seeking aesthetics to a minimum.

The positioning is far more upright than other bikes, letting the rider see better through traffic, and it’s common to see racks to carry luggage and wet-weather fenders or mudguards, so it can be ridden in all weather conditions. The focus on simplicity and durability continues to the gearing, which is commonly found internally located in the rear hub. Tires are large and robust to navigate potholes, railway tracks, and construction zones, with the Indie having almost the same tire size as the Crossway (hybrid), which is capable of off-road riding.

While the Indie we are profiling here has disc brakes, often urban bikes are controlled via the pedals, or with a single brake. Previously disc brakes were limited to mountain bikes and higher-end recreational bikes but the advent of disc brakes over rim or pedal controlled brakes onto all of these bikes is due to them providing superior brake control and durability, especially in the wet, making them the preferred option.

Robust

Not a lot of TLC is required with urban bikes. They are built strong and robust, and are typically heavier than flat bar road bikes as a consequence. When you consider the Indie weighs over 1.5kg more than the Speeder (flat bar) despite having similar features and significantly fewer gears, it’s clear to see they are a functional bike with a focus on durability.

Gearing optimsed for the city

Urban bikes were created to conquer metro areas that typically are ridden at slower speeds, across sealed road surfaces and mostly flat terrain, and the gearing of the urban bike reflects this. The Indie we are using as an example has an 8-speed drivetrain with the gears located internally within the rear hub. Hiding the mechanics means they are not exposed to the elements and less likely to deteriorate prematurely. Conversely, the Speeder (flat bar) and Crossway (hybrid) have 24 and 27 gears respectively, highlighting they are more suited to the hillier terrain and a variety of areas.

It’s also common to see urban bikes with only a single speed for the same reasons we only see eight gears on the Indie, they are for slow, flat, city streets without a large variance in speed expected.

Hybrid Bike

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A hybrid bike combines a number of popular features from other styles of bike to create something both comfortable and efficient to ride that is also capable of riding light off-road. A hybrid bike is suitable for many types of terrain, requiring it to have wider tires, a wider range of gearing, an even more upright riding position, and often front suspension. It aims to be a do-it-all bike that is suitable for recreational riding, fitness, commuting, and riding on light, non-sealed roads. Below are the three key elements of a hybrid bike that set it apart from flat bar and urban bikes.

All-purpose

Hybrid bikes take elements of other bikes to create an all-purpose option suitable for sealed and non-sealed roads. The Crossway we have here has the largest tire size of the three, the largest gear range, and is the only bike with suspension. The tires also feature a far more pronounced tread pattern than the other three.

Due to its versatility, a hybrid bike can perform well across a variety of platforms, but not exceptionally well, similar to being a jack of all trades, but master of none. For example, yes, there is suspension and a tread pattern with wide tires, but it would only be suitable for light non-sealed roads, unlike a true mountain bike that features greater travel (movement) in its suspension, wider tires and a more pronounced tread pattern. Similar to riding on the road, the versatility of having suspension, wider tires and a light tread pattern will slow this bike down on smooth tarmac compared to a road bike or flat bar bike. And when commuting, there is a superfluous amount of gears and you’re not guaranteed to have racks or mudguards like a commuter.

Suspension

The addition of front suspension on hybrid bikes makes them far more versatile than the flat bar and urban bikes. The small amount of cushion it provides makes it suitable for off-road riding on light non-sealed roads. But before you head to your local trails for a shredding session, it’s important to know the travel (movement in the suspension) on hybrid bikes is typically far less than a mountain bike. The Crossway we have has approximately 60mm of travel, whereas a mountain bike of the same value will have typically have 100mm of travel or more, making it more suited to rougher trails.

Varied frame design

Because hybrid bikes are a composite of other bikes, their frame design is often unique and different to that of flat bar and urban bikes. The Crossway used as an example here resembles a mountain bike with its front suspension and sloping top tube, but change the front fork and it could just as easily look like a road bike. Some hybrid bikes feature incredibly low step-over heights, others with almost horizontal top tubes, and some with extravagant bends in their frame. In short, unlike road or mountain bikes that can be easily categorized as such, hybrid bikes don’t have a specific look; rather, they are designed in a multitude of different ways, as long as the primary object of creating a comfortable and efficient to ride with great versatility is met.

Hybrid bikes are often easily confused with Fitness or Comfort bicycles, with the latter two styles typically offering a low slung frame design, with an even more upright ride position. While they share many of the same features, hybrid bikes, like our sample, remain a more versatile option capable of light off-road use and faster cycling, while fitness and comfort bicycles are built with leisurely rides on sealed surfaces in mind – they’re typically pitched at those with existing neck or back injuries, or more elderly riders.


We hope this guide has been helpful and provided some valuable information. You can browse BikeExchange for hybrid bikes, urban bikes, flat bar road bikes, or search for your local bike shop to get further assistance.


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